About Koshi Basin Information System (KBIS)

A sound knowledge base is essential for understanding the natural and social systems that contribute to inclusive poverty reduction and enhanced resilience to climate change, which are the key objectives of ICIMOD Koshi Basin Programme (KBP). Component 1 of KBP is focused on improving access to and use of basin-wide knowledge on change drivers, their impacts on freshwater ecosystem services, and existing responses. To achieve this, the Koshi Basin Programme is undertaking the following activities:

  • Collate data and information on key themes of climate change, water resources, land resources, socioeconomics, environment, and the policy and institutional settings through partners
  • Develop a web-based information system for systematic storage, retrieval, exchange, and analysis of relevant information

The KBIS provides a platform for collecting various types of data from all available sources, structuring the collected information, and storing the data through the Regional Database Initiative (RDI) of ICIMOD. This will facilitate data and information sharing as well data visualization to promote interdisciplinary collaboration and communication among the stakeholders and general users concerned with the Koshi River basin.

The KBIS platform was developed using ESRI’s Enterprise Geodatabase technology along with the ArcGIS Server to store spatial and attribute data in a Relational Database Management System.


The development of this system has been made possible through ICIMOD KBP, supported by the Australian Government’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) through the Sustainable Development Investment Portfolio (SDIP) for South Asia, and the Hindu Kush Himalaya Hydrological Cycle Observation System (HKH HYCOS) supported by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Finland. Further contributions were made by the following organizations, individuals and partners:

  • Regional flood outlook

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Finland

  • Hydrological and meteorological data

    Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Government of Nepal

  • Socio-economic data

    Census of India; Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal; Government of Bihar; Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences; World Bank; World Food Programme

  • Gridded Precipitation data

    APHRODITE’s Water Resources (http://www.chikyu.ac.jp/precip)

  • Agriculture data

    Government of Bihar; Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ministry of Agricultural Development, Government of Nepal

  • Disaster data

    Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of Nepal