Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (Acute)
The Nepal Food Security Monitoring System (NeKSAP) operates nationwide and includes District Food Security Networks (DFSNs) in 74 of 75 districts (only Kathmandu district is not included). DFSNs use the NeKSAP integrated food security phase classification method (IPC) to classify the severity and causes of acute food insecurity in Nepal every four months (March, July, and November). DFSNs use a set of standard procedures and tools, adapted for the Nepal context, to synthesize the latest available data and local knowledge, reach a consensus on the current food security situation and classify every village development committee (VDC) and municipality into one of five phases: Phase 1 - minimally food insecure, Phase 2 - moderately food insecure (or stressed), Phase 3 - highly food insecure (or crisis), Phase 4 - severely food insecure (or emergency), and Phase 5 - humanitarian emergency (or declared famine). These analysis outcomes are synthesized in the form of Food Security Bulletins (District and national level) and communicated to the stakeholders for the action. NeKSAP is implemented by the Ministry of Agricultural Development (MoAD) with strategic guidance from the National Planning Commission (NPC) and technical assistance from the World Food Programme.
Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (Chronic)
The Ministry of Agricultural Development (MoAD) with the support of national and international partners conducted the integrated food security phase classification (IPC) chronic food insecurity analysis in December 2014. Using a set of standard procedures and tools, a technical working group of experts and stakeholders analyzed the structural and underlying causes of food insecurity and classified 13 sub-regions of the country into one of four levels: Level 1 – no/minimal chronic food insecurity, Level 2 - mild chronic food insecurity, Level 3 - moderate chronic food insecurity, and Level 4 - severe chronic food insecurity. A link to the full report is included below.
Small Area Estimation
The Government of Nepal’s National Planning Commission and Central Bureau of Statistics have published three small area estimation reports: Small Area Estimation of Poverty, Caloric Intake and Malnutrition (2006), Small Area Estimation of Poverty (2013), and Small Area Estimation of Food Insecurity and Undernutrition (2014). Technical support was provided by development partners, including the World Bank, World Food Programme, and UNICEF, and an academic institution, Massey University, New Zealand. Using data from the Population Census, Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, Nepal Living Standards Survey, and the latest Geographic Information System (GIS) information, estimates of several human development indicators, including poverty, low kilocalorie intake, and undernutrition (stunting, wasting and underweight), were produced at the district- and sub-district level.
Cereal Food Self Sufficiency Ratio
Cereal food self-sufficiency ratio is a proportion of total edible cereal food production compared to its national requirement for a particular fiscal year. Ministry of Agriculture Development (MoAD) calculates this information annually at the end of the fiscal year. The ratio has been calculated considering the total edible production of rice, maize, wheat, millet, barley and buckwheat. The ratio is calculated at district level in five classes of sufficiency- 1. Surplus (production >10% of requirement), 2. Marginally surplus (production more by up to 10% of requirement), 3. Marginally deficit (production less by up to 10% of requirement), 4. Deficit (production less by 10 – 30% of requirement), 5. Severely deficit (production less by >30% of requirement).
Market Food Price
Market Watch is produced by WFP Nepal as part of the Nepal Food Security Monitoring System (NeKSAP) in collaboration with the Agri-business Promotion and Marketing Development
Directorate, Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce and Industries (FNCCI) and Consumer’s Interest Protection Forum.